Kosovo is landlocked and located in the center of the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. It is defined in a total area of 10,887 square kilometres (4,203 square miles). It lies between latitudes 42° and 43° N, and longitudes 20° and 22° E.
Kosovo’s northernmost point is Bellobërda at 43° 14′ 06″ northern latitude; the southernmost is Restelica at 41° 56′ 40″ northern latitude; the westernmost point is Bogë at 20° 3′ 23″ eastern longitude; and the easternmost point is Desivojca at 21° 44′ 21″ eastern longitude. The highest point is Big Rudoka at 2,658 metres (8,720 ft) above sea level, and the lowest is the White Drin at 297 metres (974 ft).
Most of the Kosovo’s borders are dominated by mountainous and high terrain. The most noticeable topographical features are the Albanian Alps and the Sharr Mountains. The Albanian Alps, also commonly known as Bjeshkët e Nemuna, are a geological continuation of the Dinaric Alps. The mountains run laterally through the west along the border with Albania and Montenegro. The southeast is predominantly the Šar Mountains, which form the border with North Macedonia. Besides the mountain ranges, Kosovo’s territory consists mostly of two major plains: the Kosovo Plain in the east and the Metohija Plain in the west.
Kosovo’s hydrological resources are relatively small. The longest rivers of Kosovo include the White Drin, the South Morava and Ibër. Sitnica, a tributary of Ibër, is the largest river lying completely within Kosovo’s territory. River Nerodime represents Europe’s only instance of a river bifurcation flowing into the Black Sea and Aegean Sea.
The natural values of Kosovo represent quality tourism resources. The description of Kosovo’s potential in tourism is closely related to its geographical location, in the center of the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. It represents a crossroads which historically dates back to antiquity. Kosovo serves as a link in the connection between Central and Southern Europe and the Adriatic Sea and Black Sea. The mountainous west and southeast of Kosovo has great potential for winter tourism. Skiing takes place at the winter resort of Brezovica within the Šar Mountains.
Kosovo is generally rich in various topographical features, including high mountains, lakes, canyons, steep rock formations and rivers. Brezovica ski resort, with the close proximity to the Pristina Airport (60 km) and Skopje International Airport (70 km), is a possible destination for international tourists. Other major attractions include the capital, Pristina, the historical cities of Prizren, Peć and Gjakova but also Ferizaj and Gjilan.